A Long Month Ahead; keep us in Your Prayers

by Steve Ray on April 20, 2014

Janet and I are at the airport in Detroit heading out to Rome to lead a group of 63 people in a double-decker bus on a Rome-Assisi pilgrimage including the canonization of John Paul II and John the 23rd. Rome will be crowded but we’re looking forward to sharing this experience with our pilgrims.

After that we head straight to Israel to pick up two back-to-back groups for holy land pilgrimages. As much as we love doing this it is still a grueling effort on our part. Early mornings and late nights.

But we love, LOVE, to lead our pilgrims to the land of Our Lord and Our Lady. Our itinerary is the Holy Rosary.

Every free minute I will be writing the script for our movie on Abraham, Isaac and Jacob that will be released before Christmas this year. We will be going back to Israel in June to film the rest of the life of Abraham. We did the first part in Iraq in January. We are also editing my book on Genesis which we hope will be released in conjunction with the movie.

There’s a lot of pressure so we ask you to keep us in your prayers. I have not told you half the things we’re doing :-)

Thanks for your moral support and prayers! We will be uploading videos on this blog along the way through the next month. We hope you’ll join us via YouTube video.

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Praying REAL Stations of the Cross

A Day in the Life of our Pilgrimages so you can SEE an LIVE what happens Good Friday.

This is always the highlight of the pilgrimage. We start early – very early – and pray the Stations of the Cross along the Via Dolorosa where Jesus carried his cross.

We arrive before the crowds at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre and everyone gets to touch the top of Calvary where the Cross was standing. I remind people that if they touched that spot 2,000 years ago their fingers would come up sticky with his blood.

Tomb of Our Lord where our priests celebrated Mass

The next logical step is the Tomb. And that’s exactly what we do. We have a private Mass at the Tomb of Christ and in the end Jesus again comes out of the Tomb for us in the form of the Blessed Sacrament. It alway elicits tears and awe.

After we walked back through the Old City we had breakfast at Notre Dame and a bit of rest. Then we jumped on the bus for a trip to the Church of Paternoster where Jesus not only taught the apostles to pray the Our Father but from where he ascended into heaven after his resurrection.

Touching the steps on which Jesus was dragged to his trial

Next was Peter in Gallicantu where Peter denied Jesus and where Jesus was imprisoned over Holy Thursday night. I took everyone down into the prison and we read Psalm 88.

Join us on a pilgrimage at www.FootprintsOfGod.com

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Was Jesus Crucified Naked?

by Steve Ray on April 17, 2014

A gentleman heard me on Relevant Radio earlier. I had mentioned on the air that one of the great humiliations of a crucifixion was that a man was crucified naked. This thoughtful gentleman wrote to challenge my comments. Below is his e-mail and my response.

Dear Mr. Ray,

Please correct your description of the Passion. You have said that Christ was crucified naked on the cross because it was the Roman way of executing condemned prisoners.

Realize that in Christ’s case the Romans were following instructions of the Jews—Pilate did not want to crucify Jesus, thus he finally gave orders that the soldiers do as the Jews requested. Thus the gospel explicitly describes how the Jews requested the legs of the condemned be broken so that their dead bodies would be removed before the Passover, and this was done per their request.

Nudity in 1st century Jewish culture brought shame to the beholder, and it was the Jews that had Jesus crucified—thus Jesus would have had a cloth to cever his loins, which is consistent with the visions of various mystics of the Church. Otherwise, the gospels would have mentioned the Jewish displeasure, much like it does with their demand to remove the sign above Christ’s head, had Pilate ordered Jesus to be stripped completely naked against the wishes of the Temple leaders.

God bless, A Friend

Dear Friend:

Thanks for writing– and for your thoughtful comments. I always appreciate feedback especially from studious listeners. Please take my comments below in the same irenic tone in which you kindly wrote to me.

However, I disagree with your assessment. There is no reason to believe that Jesus was crucified according to Jewish “specifications.” The Romans had little regard for the Jews, their laws and their sensibilities (e.g., Acts 18:12-17).

The Jews were very scandalized by the sign put on the Cross “Jesus, King of the Jews.” Yet when the Jews specifically went back to Pilate with the demand it be reworded, the Romans refused to change it or take it down even though that was probably more offensive to the Jews than the nakedness of a convicted criminal. Jews were also limited in the number of lashes one could receive, but they certainly paid no heed to that Jewish concern either. They were there to uphold Roman law, not cater to Jewish religious sentiments.

You say the Romans were instructed to do what the Jews requested, but that had only to do with Pilate’s willingness to grant the Jews request to have Jesus crucified instead of just flogged. It did not mean that the Romans wrote down a list of the Jewish sensibilities to insure that none of them were upset. The Romans were to do what the Jews requested only, presumably, in terms of their willingness to allow Jesus to be crucified even though Pilate found his innocent.

Even among the Jewish rabbis there was allowance for nakedness during execution. The Mishnah (Jewish tradition from earlier centuries compiled around 200 AD) records three opinions held among the Jews, saying,

A [When] he was four cubits from the place of stoning, they remove his clothes.
B “In the case of a man, they cover him up in front, and in the case of a woman, they cover her up in front and behind,” the words of R. Judah.
C And sages say, “A man is stoned naked, but a woman is not stoned naked.”

Here we have the recording of three Jewish traditions. Two out of three claim that a man was executed naked even among his own Jewish countrymen. If even the Jews stripped their own naked according to two out of three of their traditions, why would we think the Romans would practice more scruples than the Jews?

I would agree he was robed on the Via Cruses, but even Scripture says they divided his garments but for the outer garments they cast lots. There is NO indication that he retained covering, rather the soldiers divided them – outer and under clothes.

One good historical commentary says, “The replacement of Jesus’ own clothes for the walk to Golgotha was probably a concession to Jewish scruples about public nakedness (Jub. 3:30–31; cf. Gen 9:20–27). Crucifixion was normally naked, and in v. 35 Jesus’ clothes will again have been removed; m. Sanh. 6:3 specifies that the clothes should be removed only at the place of execution, not on the way there.”

An excellent commentary on the details of the life of Christ relays, “Even though Jesus has been flogged, Mark/Matt have Jesus dressed again before he sets out to the place of crucifixion. Normally the criminal, carrying the lateral beam of the cross behind his neck with his arms fastened to it, would go naked to the place of crucifixion, being scourged as he went. We know this from passing references in Dionysius of Halicarnassus (Roman Antiquities 7.69.2) and Valerius Maximus (Facta 1.7.4). Indeed, Josephus (Ant. 19.4.5; #270) reports that even Roman nobles involved in the assassination of Gaius Caligula had their clothes removed before being taken to the place of execution.

“In having the final disrobing of Jesus only at the place of execution (Mark 15:24 and par.), the evangelist may reflect a local concession that the Romans made to the Jewish abhorrence of public nudity. Josephus reports that the Roman tribune Celer, who was executed in Jerusalem by imperial order, was dragged across the whole city as a public spectacle before being beheaded; but there is no mention of his being disrobed (War 2.12.7; #246; Ant. 20.6.3; #136).”

Another commentator says, “To distribute the garments of Christ among the soldiers, the clothes had to be removed from Christ. Thus, Christ was crucified naked. The suffering was great at the crucifixion but so was the shame. No artist dares to picture Christ as naked—they put a loin cloth around Him for modesty. But Scripture indicates He was naked.”

Another says, “[T]he normal undergarment was either a tunic or a loincloth, and Jesus’ tunic was taken from him (v. 23; Brown 1970:902), it is perhaps more likely he was naked. Early Christian tradition is divided on the subject (cf. Brown 1994:2:953).”

Catholic Monk and prolific writer Thomas A Kempis wrote a meditative prayer on the death of Christ including the words, “Of the Crucifixion, naked, of the Lord Jesus; and of His hanging for many long hours aloft upon the Cross.”

Typical Crucifixion scene

In my opinion and others, there is NO reason to believe that the Romans covered Jesus’ privates with a loin cloth. In fact, it would be unreasonable to think they would do this since crucifixion was to be the final humiliation and degradation. They had very little respect for Jewish sensibilities in general. Even if they made a concession to the Jews by covering him as he processed through the streets, they would have removed his clothes at the site of the execution, even as the Jews did with their own executions. Roman custom gave the soldiers the right to appropriate for themselves all the clothes of the convict – kind of as a bonus.

And if you suggest they crucified Jesus with his loins covered, do you suggest that ALL executions were done with private parts covered? Were the thieves on his right and left also covered? I don’t think they treated Jesus differently than any other criminals crucified.

You mention various Mystics who have “revealed” that Jesus was covered on the cross. I suspect this has to do with pious puritanism more than historical reality. I often enjoy the writings of mystics and are benefited from them, but I don’t have a lot of confidence in their often contradicting visions, especially when it contradicts historical realities and Scripture.

The Catechism of the Catholic Church refers to these revelations of Mystics in a category called “private revelation.” Commenting on private revelation the Church teaches, “Throughout the ages, there have been so-called “private” revelations, some of which have been recognized by the authority of the Church. They do not belong, however, to the deposit of faith. It is not their role to improve or complete Christ’s definitive Revelation, but to help live more fully by it in a certain period of history. Guided by the magisterium of the Church, the sensus fidelium knows how to discern and welcome in these revelations whatever constitutes an authentic call of Christ or his saints to the Church. (no. 67)

Rembrandt's self-portrait in Dutch painters beret. HE raised Christ on the cross and we did too!

Just an interesting parallel to ponder: The first Adam was naked and due to sin had to be clothed; the last Adam was clothed but to redeem was stripped naked. The first brought death at the tree of life, the last brought life at the tree of death.

In this regard The Fathers of the Church loved to play with the concept of the naked Christ. In that regard I suggest, Jesus born naked in a cave provided by a man named Joseph and he was then wrapped in swaddling clothes. In his death he was stripped of his clothes and later covered by a shroud and placed in a cave provided by another man named Joseph.

Lastly, I agree that this goes contrary to all our Catholic sentiments of decency and modesty which is why artists always portray, and properly so, Jesus in a loin covering. But real life is not controlled by polite conventions especially in pagan Rome.

My friend, may you and those you love have a wonderful Easter and may the joy of our risen Lord Jesus shine in your heart for all of eternity. Thanks for your thoughtful e-mail.

Steve Ray

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Catholic Answers Live: Stations of the Cross and Pain of the Crucifixion

April 16, 2014

Wow, what a fun show. Great questions and lively discussion. Listen on-line HERE and other audio options HERE. the audio links as soon as they are available on Thursday. Also, for those who are interested in my audio talks on this topic, visit Steve Ray’s Store/audio. Look for “Stations of the Cross” and also “Pain of [...]

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Lots of Radio Shows this Week; Join Us!

April 16, 2014

I love Catholic Radio and all that it is doing for the Catholic Faith. I love contributing as much as I can. Here are shows I am doing this week. Monday 1) Son Rise Morning 7:10 AM EST: Palm Sunday Tuesday 1) Son Rise Morning 7:10 AM EST: Mary, Martha and Lazarus: Jesus preparing for the Passion [...]

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Do You KNOW if Your Tax Returns Are Correct?

April 16, 2014

Donald Rumsfeld served as secretary of defense under both President Gerald Ford and President George W. Bush, but he can’t master the tax code.    Every year on Tax Day, Rumsfeld sends a letter to the IRS explaining that he doesn’t know whether he did his taxes properly. Rumsfeld published his newest letter on his Twitter [...]

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Steve Ray about Holy Land & Holy Week on WNGL Archangel Radio

April 16, 2014

This is about an hour show on Archangel Radio in Mobile Alabama. We discuss the Passion from Holy Thursday the Easter Sunday. Steve takes you on an audio tour. 

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While You Celebrate Easter, Remember the Christians Slaughtered by the “Rebels” in Syria – rebels supported by our government

April 14, 2014

The Stuff of Nightmares: Christians Forced from Homes in Syria’s Kassab Eyewitness Reports of Violent Expulsion of 2,500 Armenian Christians from Historic Syrian Town By Lela Gilbert DAMASCUS, April 14, 2014 (Zenit.org) – An Armenian friend on Facebook alerted me to the tragic story of Kassab, Syria: On March 21, Sunni rebels violently expelled around [...]

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20 Years After Cairo Conference on Population and Development

April 14, 2014

20 Years After Cairo Conference on Population and Development Family Life and the Economy By Father John Flynn, LC ROME, April 14, 2014 (Zenit.org) – Last week the United Nations held a review of the 20 years since the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), held in Cairo in 1994. The meeting looked at [...]

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Feverishly Working on Abraham Script for our Next DVD; please pray for me :-)

April 14, 2014

The story of Abraham is not only seminal and foundational, but very interesting and full of typology and lessons for our own day. I just finished the section of Abraham’s hospitality when visit by unknown strangers who the Church sees as the Trinity coming down to visit Abraham. I think it was to meet the [...]

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What Did Sister Jane Actually Say in Charlotte?

April 9, 2014

Dr. Ed Peters, canon lawyer, actually has a good point about the flare-up at the Catholic High School in Charlotte NC. Does anyone REALLY know what Sr. Jane Dominic actually said at the High School that started such a flurry of protest and defense? Much ado about, literally, who-knows-what by Dr. Edward Peters We either know [...]

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Welcome to the Reign of “Gay”

April 8, 2014

Make no mistake, it has nothing to do with fun and games, and everything to do with the forced rationalization of grave depravity By Carl Olsen, April 8, 2014 Editorial in Catholic News Report In the summer of 1992, I took my first real job, working as a graphic designer for the venerable Meier & [...]

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Update of Catholic School Uprising over “Theology of the Body” and Sr. Jane Dominic

April 8, 2014

News   Print Article  |   Email Friend  |  Reprint Permissions Charlotte diocese backs nun who gave school talk promoting Church teaching on homosexuality BY KIRSTEN ANDERSEN   Mon Apr 07, 2014 18:27 EST CHARLOTTE, NC, April 7, 2014 (LifeSiteNews.com) – The bishop of Charlotte is backing a Dominican nun who has been at the center of a fiery controversy since last [...]

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The “Religion of Peace” Strikes Again in Syria as the USA Continues to Support the Radical Muslims

April 7, 2014

Dutch Missionary Priest in Syria Shot Dead: Stayed With Christians Unable to Evacuate Homs ZENIT UPDATE HERE 4/8/14      ROME REPORTS VIDEO HERE ROME, April 07, 2014 (Zenit.org) – A priest helping Christians find shelter in Syria’s Old City of Homs has been murdered. Dutch Jesuit Father Frans van der Lugt was shot twice in the [...]

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Laughter in the Bible: A Quiz

April 7, 2014

1. Which couple laughed at the incredibility of God’s promise to them? 2. Which son brought laughter to his mother? 3. Which king was laughed at when he invited people from all over Israel to celebrate the Passover? 4. Who advised that laughter should change to mourning? 5. Who referred to himself as laughingstock? 6 [...]

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My Wife’s Dad just Died

April 7, 2014

My wife Janet’s father died this morning after a heart attack last week. He was in the arms of his wife and four daughters who were praying the Our Father. He was a great dad for those girls. I thanked him many times for raising such a wonderful daughter and for allowing me to marry [...]

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